In addition to a the obligatory well-sized veg patch, many of my customers had ample-sized fruit orchards. The type of raspberry determines what and when you prune. Left to their own devices raspberries can become a tangled up mess of thorny vines that make it difficult, if not impossible, to harvest from. It’s a heavy cropper (which stores well), with good disease resistance. But proper pruning can help keep your patch where you want it instead of unruly and spreading everywhere. Tie this in at 4-inch intervals to replace the old. 1. Once you have picked all the crop from summer-fruiting raspberries, loganberries and tayberries, you should prune out the old stems. In early winter—once your canes have finished fruiting—cut all canes back down to ground level. However, I will walk you through how to do it. Prune black raspberries in the early spring to make sure your summer harvest is fantastic. This encourages side branching, which is where the fruit grows. Plant this wonderful summery fruit in well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Autumn raspberries will fruit on second year canes as well. Written by: Sue Sanderson Plants and gardens have always been a big part of my life. You’ll find this guide particularly helpful when your raspberry canes have grown slightly out of control. Pruning raspberries is essential to their overall health and future production. This keeps the environment around your plants clean, and puts off any unwanted garden pests. Acidic soils may need a boost of ground limestone to raise the pH level in the planting bed. Once those canes that you trimmed back produce fruit, you can remove the growth to the ground, not leaving any stub, in the fall when you prune your summer bearing fruit. We’re growing our own food, cooking from scratch and taking steps toward self sufficient living on just an acre, and I think you can, too. If you have gold, purple, or red raspberries, be sure to begin the pruning process early Spring. The easiest of the four varieties to prune are the `Heritage' red raspberries. You’ll have to do this to every cane in your patch… time consuming doesn’t even begin to cover it. Repeat the process after harvest. In the spring, tip prune new shoots when they are around 3 feet tall by trimming off 3 to 4 inches. Summer bearing plants will be pruned after harvest in the late summer or fall. They’re certainly one of our favorite fruits. Read on to learn how to prune those berry bushes to keep them in great shape. In the spring, tip prune new shoots when they are around 3 feet tall by trimming off 3 to 4 inches. Polka – This is quite a tall cultivar at around 6 feet. You will leave this season’s canes (primocanes) in place. 21 Breathtakingly Beautiful Flowering Vines to Suit Every Site, DIY Safe Homemade Cleaners with 8 Garden Herbs, A Complete Morning Glory Growing Guide and 4 Varieties to Inspire You, Make an Extraordinary DIY Bridal Bouquet with Vegetables and Herbs, How to Create a Beautiful Tropical Garden in Your Own Backyard, Language of Flowers to Turn Your Garden into a Beautiful Poem, The Complete Guide to Growing 8 Elegant Alstroemeria Lilies, How to Grow Asparagus at Home for Delightful Perennial Harvests, 17 of the Most Popular Fast Growing Shade Trees for Your Yard. Growing raspberries is a great way to get delicious fruit every year. Deal with all first-year raspberry canes the same way regardless of type. In late winter, cut back all of the canes to 5 feet above ground. I can remember helping my Dad to prick out seedlings, even before I could see over the top of the potting bench. These flower on the first year’s growth (the newest part of the plant), in late summertime and produce their fruit in the autumn. They have a life cycle of well over 10 years in some areas, and are happy to grow on many soil types, apart from dry or shallow chalk. So, regular pruning can increase yields on these delicious canes. And there we have it: a straightforward guide to pruning your raspberry row. This in turn, encourages productive growth and good fruit crops. Your remaining canes should be 4 inches apart per row, with fruit forming on the previous year’s growth. Here are the steps we use to prune our raspberries: Remove any old string holding your raspberries upright. The firm, medium-size Heritage berries are good for eating fresh, desserts or freezing. However, black raspberries should be pruned earlier. These produce their crops on the lateral growth towards the ends of the current year’s canes. Fortunately, they have a no-fuss pruning regime. The old stalks are woodier than the new growth stalks. Blackberries are also pruned at two times of the year: in the early spring when they are … The following summer, remove any emerging canes from the base of the plant, and any that are misplaced. Understand raspberries. Summer and Ever-Bearing Raspberries: Prune the tip sections of both types, that is reduce the height of the cane to four or five feet. In an ideal world we would have no problems, pests or diseases to interrupt the growth of these wonderfully sweet, versatile fruits. That’s it! Tips to Prune Raspberries – Guide on How to Prune Raspberries. At the time I wrote this, I had not yet met black raspberries ( Rubus occidentalis ) or the purple strains created by crossing them with red raspberries (for example, the ‘Royalty’ and ‘Brandywine’ varieties). In the 2nd and all subsequent years, cut the canes down to ground level in early spring. It’s only since working in gardens myself that I’ve become aware of just how many of us green-fingered folk have fruit gardens. How Do You Prune Raspberry Bushes? PRUNING BLACK AND PURPLE RASPBERRIES When pruning raspberries in the Spring, remove all of the small, weak canes, leaving about five of the largest, healthiest canes per clump or plant. Required fields are marked *. Autumn-fruiting raspberries are easy to prune. And while it will produce two crops, the work involved results in very little yield. There are two methods for pruning ever bearing varieties depending on if you are pruning for one, or two crops. You’ll be glad you did. Summer-bearing raspberries produce fruit on two year old canes. Regular pruning also helps maintain your plants. I also encourage annual springtime mulching around raspberry canes. The far simpler method for Pruning everbearing raspberries is to simply forget about the early summer crop and prune for one larger fall crop. Join The Self Sufficient Life group here. Raspberry plants are the most shade tolerant of all cane fruits. Today I aim to change that, and take you through my recommended method of pruning raspberries. Published: October 12, 2020 • Modified: October 10, 2020 • By: Danielle McCoy • As an amazon affiliate I earn commissions on qualifying purchases. Note: in order to keep your raspberry patch manageable, after your plants are around 3 to 4 years old, it is best to leave only about 10 of the strongest canes and remove the rest. This shall encourage new fruit-bearing canes to grow.. Simply mow or cut them back to a height of three to four inches every spring before new growth begins. Understand the two basic types of raspberries. Learning how to prune raspberries will go a long way in ensuring you enjoy healthy fruits all-year long. Also remove all dead canes and any that are smaller than 1/2″ in diameter. 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