Usage: a witness; an eye- or ear-witness. Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. A click on the Greek will lead you to the corresponding article in Abarim Publications's online Biblical Greek Dictionary Hebrews 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, The saints (αγιων - holy ones) have died for their testimony, too, but they have distinguished themselves in other ways, such as their prayers (Revelation 5:8,8:3-4), patience and faith (Revelation 13:10, 14:12), and their righteousness (Revelation 19:8). Thayer’s Lexicon: “to become, i.e. Hebrews 12:1–2 is one sentence in the Greek text comprised of a main clause and three subordinate clauses, each introduced by participles. Hebrews 12:1 Greek Study Bible ( Apostolic / Interlinear) Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. So then, let us rid ourselves of everything that gets in the way, and of the sin which holds on to us so tightly, and let us run with determination the race that lies before us. μενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα TR, 1550. Here's the issue with the notion of martyrdom: So it befell the blessed Polycarp, who having with those from Philadelphia suffered martyrdom in Smyrna--twelve in all--is especially remembered more than the others by all men, so that he is talked of even by the heathen in every place: for he showed himself not only a notable teacher, but also a distinguished martyr, whose martyrdom all desire to imitate, seeing that it was after the pattern of the Gospel of Christ. Greek Term Paper on Exegesis of Hebrews 12 1 3 Assignment As Louis. Original Word: μάρτυς, υρος, ὁ. ", Click here to upload your image It is more often translated as “witness.”, “So who is responsible for this ‘restriction’ of the word to refer only to those who died for the faith? Rather, they were participants, like runners in a race. Isaiah 60:8 Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows? Hebrews 12:1 New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSVCE) The Example of Jesus. In Hebrews 12:1, how should μαρτύρων be understood? The excellent example set by those faithful servants of God, mentioned by Paul in Hebrews chapter 11 like, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, and many others, that faced hardships would strengthen the determination of the Hebrews to deal with the trials and hardships they faced. Using the search tool at the Unbound Bible site, or any similar site/application, it can be seen that μαρτύρων is rendered in the KJV as "witnesses" or "testifies" in all but one instance, Revelation 17:6, where it is given as "martyrs". ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants]Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι' ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. Hebrews 12:1. Matthew 24:13 But he that shall endure to the end, the same shall be saved. ** I think there's a discrepancy here. Hebrews 12:1 Translation & Meaning. Our society is one in which athletics has achieved a status entirely out of proportion to its intrinsic value. Romans 12:12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer; James 1:3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith works patience. He didn’t say “witness.” He said “martys.” Martys was translated as “witness.” The Hebrews were Jews in Palestine who had got converted upon the preaching of the apostles. Phonetic Spelling: (mar'-toos) Definition: a witness. Hebrews 12:1 The Aramaic can be translated “the race [personally] appointed to us.” God has a destiny for each of us that we are to give ourselves fully to reach. Strong's Concordance, from Biblehub. Here is a danger to be avoided: martyrs are glorified, and if they are glorified, Christ is not. ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox ChurchΤοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Editionτοιγαροῦν καί ἡμᾶς τοσοῦτος ἔχω περίκειμαι ἡμᾶς νέφος μάρτυς ὄγκος ἀποτίθημι πᾶς καί ὁ εὐπερίστατος ἁμαρτία διά ὑπομονή τρέχω ὁ πρόκειμαι ἡμᾶς ἀγών. In the one place in Revelation where the KJV has given "martyrs", there is sufficient evidence for them to have chosen "prophets" instead, with a footnote indicating the word is actually "witnesses". Original Word: μάρτυς, υρος, ὁ. What does this verse really mean? Luke 8:15 But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good …, Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and …, Romans 5:3-5 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that …, Romans 8:24,25 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for …. 12:1 - How should μαρτύρων be understood? Witnesses? Hebrews 12 - Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, So how can Hebrews 12:1 be translated as “cloud of witnesses” when it’s a reference to the people in Hebrews 11 that did not receive The Holy Spirit? as well, this epistle contains an educated awareness of both Greek philosophy and Jewish theology. Hebrews 12:1. 4 In writing to Jews, the author of the epistle to the Hebrews was referring to the creation of the manifold worlds which the Jews believed existed according to their tradition. Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι' ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν δι' ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, Hebrews 12:1 Hebrew Bibleלכן גם אנחנו אשר ענן עדים רב כזה סבב אתנו נשליכה ממנו כל טרח והחטא המקיף עלינו ונרוצה בתוחלת את המרוצה הערוכה לפנינו׃, Hebrews 12:1 Aramaic NT: Peshittaܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܐܦ ܚܢܢ ܕܐܝܬ ܠܢ ܗܠܝܢ ܟܠܗܘܢ ܤܗܕܐ ܕܐܝܟ ܥܢܢܐ ܚܕܝܪܝܢ ܠܢ ܢܫܕܐ ܡܢܢ ܟܠ ܝܘܩܪܝܢ ܐܦ ܚܛܝܬܐ ܕܒܟܠܙܒܢ ܡܛܝܒܐ ܗܝ ܠܢ ܘܒܡܤܝܒܪܢܘܬܐ ܢܪܗܛܝܘܗܝ ܠܐܓܘܢܐ ܗܢܐ ܕܤܝܡ ܠܢ ܀, Hebrews 11:2-38 For by it the elders obtained a good report…. See here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSav51fVlKU. “Ordained” is “ginomai” (Strong’s G1096). How many times does "martyr" appear in this passage in comparison to "Christ"? Barnes's Hebrews 12:1 Bible Commentary Wherefore - In view of what has been said in the previous chapter. Looking. (Hebrews 12 - Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary) A world of encouragement is bound up the examples of the saints who have run and finished the race. Wherefore, seeing we also are compassed about, As the Israelites were encompassed with the pillar of cloud, or with the clouds of glory in the wilderness, as the Jews say; (See Gill on 1 Corinthians 10:1), to which there may be an allusion, here, since it … The writer sought to encourage the first century saints to endure and he would say the same to you and to me today. to come into existence, begin to be, receive being.” “Ordained” means you’ve received The Holy Spirit. 12:1 which describes living saints running a race and being encompassed or surrounded by a “cloud of μαρτύρων,” how should μαρτύρων be understood? Ok, I'm adding to it in order to answer your questions here. You can also provide a link from the web. Hebrews 12:1 Christian Standard Bible (CSB) The Call to Endurance. author--"Prince-leader." easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is These people are screaming, waving their arms, jumping up and down. Or, perhaps both? 12 "Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that … Though now deceased, they could be thought of as seasoned runners who could encourage newer runners in the race. Tοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, τοιγαροῦν καί ἡμᾶς τοσοῦτος ἔχω περίκειμαι ἡμᾶς νέφος μάρτυς ὄγκος ἀποτίθημι πᾶς καί ὁ εὐπερίστατος ἁμαρτία διά ὑπομονή τρέχω ὁ πρόκειμαι ἡμᾶς ἀγών. In this verse, Paul is referring to those that died in Hebrews 11. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy, 2020 Stack Exchange, Inc. user contributions under cc by-sa, https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/22175/in-hebrews-121-how-should-%ce%bc%ce%b1%cf%81%cf%84%e1%bd%bb%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-be-understood/22182#22182. Thayers Lexicon: "one who is mindful, heeds." In Hebrews 12:1, how should μαρτύρων be understood? I gave you a courtesy (+1) for relating back to its usage in an early church text, but I disagree with the application of the passage re: discouraging the 'pursuit of martyrdom', as it isolates the text from its own context and fails to engage with why martyrdom became such a big deal for early Christians. 12 Therefore, since we also have such a large cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us lay aside every hindrance and the sin that so easily ensnares us. Looking unto--literally, "Looking from afar" throne of God. inclose, encircle, hamper -- be bound (compassed) with, hang about. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSav51fVlKU. This Greek word appears many times in the NT and only three times translated as “martyr,” each time denoting those that died, refusing to recant their faith in Christ (Acts 22:20, Revelation 17:6, Revelation 22:13). Hebrews 12:1 • Hebrews 12:1 NIV • Hebrews 12:1 NLT • Hebrews 12:1 ESV • Hebrews 12:1 NASB • Hebrews 12:1 KJV • Hebrews 12:1 Commentaries • Hebrews 12:1 Bible Apps • Hebrews 12:1 Biblia Paralela • Hebrews 12:1 Chinese Bible • Hebrews 12:1 French Bible • Hebrews 12:1 German Bible Interlinear Bible Bible Hub Subject and purpose of writing. ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι' ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. Hebrews 12:1 (GNTA) As for us, we have this large crowd of witnesses around us. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. Galatians 5:7 You did run well; who did hinder you that you should not obey the truth? 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight and the sin that clings so closely, and let us run with perseverance the race that is set before us, The circumstances recorded in Acts surrounding the death of Stephen, possibly explains the preference for, and hence the growth in, the usage of the word "martyr". Hebrews 12:1 German Bible Alphabetical: a also and are aside before by cloud easily encumbrance endurance entangles every everything for great have hinders is lay let marked of off out perseverance race run set sin since so such surrounded surrounding that the Therefore throw us … Psalm 18:23 I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from my iniquity. Here, the "race" is given to the winner. Based on the context of Heb. [ see note] και. Stephen was killed for the "witness" of his faith in Jesus. (max 2 MiB). KJV with Strong's. Usage: a witness; an eye- or ear-witness. The assumption is this race will not be easy, but the proper path to run has been set before us. My question concerns the word μαρτύρων, which is a noun declined from the lemma μάρτυς. The writer of hebrews showed mastery in his usage of the Greek language of the first century. Paul knew that the Hebrews worshippers needed to become aware that faith called for courageous action and endurance. We call them martyrs; he called them “martys” or “martus" ("of uncertain affinity, a witness," Strong's G3144). set before us". Hebrews 12:1(NASB) Verse Thoughts. I will update my answer. -- The letter of the Smyrnaeans 19:1. James 5:7-11 Be patient therefore, brothers, to the coming of the Lord. I didn't downvote your answer, but perhaps you can mention the context of Heb. But he said, Lord, suffer me first …, Luke 12:15 And he said to them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness…, Luke 14:26-33 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, …, Luke 18:22-25 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said to him, Yet lack you one …, Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged …, Romans 13:11-14 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out …, 2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves …, Ephesians 4:22-24 That you put off concerning the former conversation the old man, …, Colossians 3:5-8 Mortify therefore your members which are on the earth; fornication, …, 1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and …, 2 Timothy 2:4 No man that wars entangles himself with the affairs of this life; …, 1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …, 1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to …, 1 John 2:15,16 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. 1 Corinthians 9:24-27 Know you not that they which run in a race run all, but one receives …. 11 which describes many saints being killed for their faith,1 and the context of Heb. Heb. So run, that ye may obtain. Hebrews 12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against … In the Greek Septuagint, the Greek word «αἰών» was used to translate the Hebrew word עוֹלָם (olam). 12:1 (i.e., the race) and argue why it shouldn't be translated as "witnesses" (like most if not all translations do). The assumption is this race will not be easy, but the proper path to run has been set before us. Martyrs? ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005Tοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. People go nuts over sports, have you ever watched the fans at a game? That means the translators of Acts 1:22 are saying that, in order to be a witness, you must be ordained; you must receive The Holy Spirit**. Acts 7:59; Acts 12:1-2 tell us of Stephen the deacon and James the apostle. He is referred to as a martyr, but making martyrdom his pursuit would have been the furthest thing from his mind. H. Evans says, "The twelfth chapter of Hebrews is again one of the great classic passages, this time on the Christian life" (214). us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so 12 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, If …, Hebrews 10:35-39 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which has great recompense of reward…. Note that v. 3 is introduced by the Greek subordinating conjunction gar, which gives the grounds for the exhortation in vv. The pursuit of martyrdom is something that should be discouraged. Hebrews 12:1 The Aramaic can be translated “the race [personally] appointed to us.” God has a destiny for each of us that we are to give ourselves fully to reach. and. Hebrews 12:1 “Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,” King James Version (KJV) Application is off-topic, anyway. Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, τοιγαρουν. conjunction. Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. περικειμενον verb - present middle or passive deponent participle - accusative singular neuter perikeimai per-ik'-i-mahee: to lie all around, i.e. Hebrews 12:1-3 Delivered 02/10/2002. In regard to Revelation, my guess is the KJV translators chose "martyrs" because their blood has been shed for their testimony. In Hebrews 12:1, how should μαρτύρων be understood? Paul Ellingworth (The Epistle to the Hebrews: A Commentary on the Greek Text, page 102) says "apart from passing references to adultery and the love of money (13:4f), Hebrews says little about individual sins".Thus, we can not expect to find clear evidence in the text of a particular sin the author had in mind. The "great cloud of witnesses" were no mere spectators or bystanders, as it were, who were there only to watch the race or to see their favorite athlete or team win. Strong’s definition: “To become, come into being." It could be, though, that these particular "witnesses" are the "prophets", since the writer of Revelation refers to "saints" and "prophets" in Revelation 11:18, 16:6 and 18:24 -- "saints and martyrs" or "saints and prophets", either way works, since both have had their blood shed for their testimony. Philippians 2:16 Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of …, Philippians 3:10-14 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship …. The Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature points the finger at the “early ecclesiastic writers,” who “applied it to every one who suffered death in the Christian cause.”, “Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.”. Thanks to all the people that voted up this question. martus: a witness. Hebrews 12 is the twelfth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author is anonymous, although the internal reference to "our brother Timothy" (Hebrews 13:23) causes a traditional attribution to Paul, but this attribution has been disputed since the second century and there is no decisive evidence for the authorship. ημεις. πιστιν. It's taking me a while to learn this site and I recently found where all the info is stored and smiled when I saw all the pluses. 2. Let us run with endurance the race that lies before us, μαρτύρων refers to "witnesses", i.e. Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων, ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν, δι’ ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, Τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἁμαρτίαν δι' ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα, לכן גם אנחנו אשר ענן עדים רב כזה סבב אתנו נשליכה ממנו כל טרח והחטא המקיף עלינו ונרוצה בתוחלת את המרוצה הערוכה לפנינו׃, ܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܐܦ ܚܢܢ ܕܐܝܬ ܠܢ ܗܠܝܢ ܟܠܗܘܢ ܤܗܕܐ ܕܐܝܟ ܥܢܢܐ ܚܕܝܪܝܢ ܠܢ ܢܫܕܐ ܡܢܢ ܟܠ ܝܘܩܪܝܢ ܐܦ ܚܛܝܬܐ ܕܒܟܠܙܒܢ ܡܛܝܒܐ ܗܝ ܠܢ ܘܒܡܤܝܒܪܢܘܬܐ ܢܪܗܛܝܘܗܝ ܠܐܓܘܢܐ ܗܢܐ ܕܤܝܡ ܠܢ ܀, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΡΟΣ ΕΒΡΑΙΟΥΣ 12:1 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. A good answer should simply demonstrate the usage of μαρτυρος in such texts, and explain how that might influence our exegesis of the key passage and other NT uses. It's 3 to 1, and "Christ" is only a peripheral reference. Particularly pertinent to hebrews 12:1-2, the book of hebrews employed clas-sical images from Greco-roman culture to … One in Acts 22:20 in reference to Stephen, and the other in reference to Antipas in Revelation 2:13. It reminds me of the film, "Chariots of Fire." Transliteration: martus. It is so great, in fact, that it can be understood without any commentary whatsoever: its meaning is obvious for anyone who wants to understand. Hebrews 12:1 NIV - Therefore, since we are surrounded by - Bible Gateway. I think Paul is using the idea of running a race to faith. Behold, …, 2 Peter 1:6 And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience …, Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and …, Revelation 3:10 Because you have kept the word of my patience, I also will keep you …, Revelation 13:10 He that leads into captivity shall go into captivity: he that kills …. Hebrews 12:1 Or “obstacle course.” The Greek word agona means agony or conflict. Thus after citing the faith of those past ones, Paul could say. After re-reading your answer, I probably should not have given it that upvote... https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/22175/in-hebrews-121-how-should-%ce%bc%ce%b1%cf%81%cf%84%e1%bd%bb%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-be-understood/22190#22190. Ezekiel 38:9,16 You shall ascend and come like a storm, you shall be like a cloud …, Luke 16:28 For I have five brothers; that he may testify to them, lest they …, John 3:32 And what he has seen and heard, that he testifies; and no man receives …, John 4:39,44 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying …, 1 Peter 5:12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother to you, as I suppose, I have written …, Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the …, Matthew 10:37,38 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: …, Luke 8:14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have …, Luke 9:59-62 And he said to another, Follow me. So the translators are saying that in order to be a witness, you have to receive The Holy Spirit, yet Paul is saying that the people of Hebrews 11 did not receive The Holy Spirit. Isn't there more than one instance of it being translated as "martyr"? Paul also uses the term "race" in 1 Corinthians 9:24,KJV: "Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Yes, there are two others. Hebrews 12:1 English Standard Version (ESV) Jesus, Founder and Perfecter of Our Faith. Hebrews 12:1. τοιγαροῦν καὶ ἡμεῖς, τοσοῦτον ἔχοντες περικείμενον ἡμῖν νέφος μαρτύρων¸ ὄγκον ἀποθέμενοι πάντα καὶ τὴν εὐπερίστατον ἀμαρτίαν, δι ὑπομονῆς τρέχωμεν τὸν προκείμενον ἡμῖν ἀγῶνα. And they had successfully run the race and finished it. The first chapters of Acts describe that thousands of … Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine. In the letter from which the passage comes, there are five "Blessed Polycarp"s, three "holy Polycarp"s, a "glorious Polycarp" and a "glorious martyr Polycarp". 1-2. Ecclesiastes 9:11 KJV uses the idea of winning a "race" as one of several analogies to compare the highs and lows of man to death. Hebrews 10:36 For you have need of patience, that, after you have done the will …, Matthew 10:22 And you shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that …. There are two occurrences of the singular form of the noun, μαρτυρος. Their deaths were a witness for the Lord. those who testify in word and deed to the goodness of God, regardless of the consequences. Thus, by keeping closely in mind the example of the “cloud of witnesses," the first-century Hebrew Christians could draw courage and "run the race with endurance. 2 Timothy 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: Hebrews 6:15 And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise. down (to/on) preposition. Thank you, Daisy. These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of [them,] and embraced [them,] and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. The same Greek … Hebrews 12:1 Or “obstacle course.” The Greek word agona means agony or conflict. https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/22175/in-hebrews-121-how-should-%ce%bc%ce%b1%cf%81%cf%84%e1%bd%bb%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-be-understood/47193#47193. Hebrews gives us a wonderful list of people who are commended by God for their faith. κατα. Of martyrdom is something that should be discouraged God, regardless of the first century saints to endure he! Translate the Hebrew word עוֹלָם ( olam ) the Greek word agona means agony or.! Achieved a status entirely out of proportion to its intrinsic value entirely out of proportion to its intrinsic.... 12:1, how should μαρτὠ» ρων, which has great recompense of.... Could encourage newer runners in the Greek text comprised of a main clause and three subordinate clauses, each by. Therefore your confidence, which is a noun declined from the lemma Î¼á½±ÏÏ„Ï Ï‚ run... Endure and he would say the same shall be saved but the proper path run. 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