Let’s break down this definition to understand it better. The gerund as the subject complement. Gerunds can be used after linking verbs (‘to be’, modal verbs, the verbs ‘to feel’, ‘to seem‘, ‘to mean‘ etc.) Subject complement: A subject complement is a word or a group of words that either renames a subject or describes/modifies it. Having a tea party in the garden on a full moon day is a fine experience. His mistake was talking too much. 1625. Acting is merely the art of keeping a large group of people from coughing. A subject complement is either an adjective, a noun, or a pronoun. A subject complement is the adjective, noun, or pronoun that follows a linking verb.. ), become, and seem.These true linking verbs are always linking verbs. Gerund as a subject: Smoking is known to be bad for your health. In English, it has the properties of both verb and noun, such as being modifiable by an adverb and being able to take a direct object. *(Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. When it acts as a noun, a gerund can be used as a subject, direct object, subject complement or the object of a preposition. The structure is: We start with the subject followed by a verb and an object, which has the form of a gerund, and another object. 4. Mereka adalah be, is, am, are, was, were, been, being, be. Gerund Example: It was singing that made Sarah happy. 3. Shopping is an expensive hobby. … Traditional grammars generally use the term gerund to refer to verb phrases in the form of present participles that perform nominal functions including the subject complement. (The linking verb is is (i.e., the verb to be). In the last lesson, we learned about gerunds as subjects and objects. 9. SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS A subject complement follows a linking verb; it is normally an adjective or a noun that renames or defines in some way the subject. Try as I might, I can't seem to find any information about preference between gerund or infinitive subject complementation on the great tubes of the Google. A gerund is what we call a present participle (the ..ing form) of a verb which acts as a noun. Easy Examples of Subject Complements In the examples below, the linking verbs are in bold and the subject complements are shaded: Ben is a policeman. Gerund subjects take a singular verb. Intermediate. A gerund is the “-ing” form of a verb when it functions grammatically as a noun in a sentence. * The hardest thing about learning English is understanding the gerund. Task No. Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. The gerund phrase is the direct object of the verb “appreciate.” Farhad enjoys singing in the shower. Gerunds as the subject complement. Exercising keeps you healthy. Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. Gerund as a subject complement My cats’ favorite occupation is … (Sir Ralph Richardson, 1902-1983) (Acting is a gerund as a subject. HAVING is the subject of IS. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. Is the Gerund in the following sentences/questions used as a subject, object or as a complement? A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. Here, “Sarah” is the subject complement of the sentence because it follows the linking verb “was.” “It” is the subject and the gerund “singing” serves as the complement. It can be the subject or the object of a verb. 5. The word football is the gerund complement of the gerund playing.) Prepositional Phrases as Subject Complements. 2. A subject complement is a word that comes after a linking verb and renames, identifies, or describes the subject. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. The words in bold are 'gerunds' in the above sentences and they are acting as the 'complements of subjects'. Cooking is my favorite thing to do. QUIZ TIME! Printer Fabulous! A gerund (/ ˈ dʒ ɛ r ən d,-ʌ n d / abbreviated GER) is any of various nonfinite verb forms in various languages; most often, but not exclusively, one that functions as a noun. (Again, gardening is described as something done, not the act of doing it. Nouns, pronouns, and adjectives can all functions and subject complements. A gerund used as the subject complement follows a linking verb and talks about the subject. {see Verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives, A2 level}. Nah, gerund bisa menjadi complement of subject dari kelompok verb BE. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. Gerund as Subject Complement, Object of Preposition. Sentence Practice. Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. One of life's pleasures is having breakfast in bed. Students often get confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund is often followed by a plural noun. Subject complements follow linking verbs. One way to spot a gerund is to notice that they always end in -ing. Examples of Subject Complement. Gerund Phrase• A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus a modifier, object, and/or complement.• Finding a needle in a haystack would be easier than what were trying to do.• Finding is the gerund in the italicized phrase.• Needle is the direct object, and in a haystack is the prepositional phrase within the gerund phrase. Just remember they're not the only players in the game ending in -ing. A gerund is a verb that typically functions as a noun or as the direct object of another verb. The most important thing is learning. Warm up to the gerund in style! GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . A noun renames the subject, and an adjective modifies it. This lesson will allow us to use gerunds in other ways. Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) 1. The statement is the inverse of the first sentence in this group; here “My favorite hobby” is the subject, and gardening is its complement.) Sitting in the Sun is very pleasant. A subject complement gives further meaning to the subject. The Gerund as a (subject) complement of "to be" The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. A subject complement will always be a noun, pronoun, or adjective. Gerunds are tough -- really tough. A gerund always acts as a noun. - His mistake was neglecting his health. Subject Complement My favorite hobby is gardening. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. Is the Gerund subject or object in the sentence in an exercise. Exercise 1. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Define a gerund and become familiar with its different functions. Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. and complement the subject of the sentence. What is the subject complement? In this case, it can be used as the subject or object of the sentence. Gerund sebagai complement of subject. My dream for the future is to find/finding a plump wife. (Singing is a gerund modified by a prepositional phrase, “in the shower.” The gerund phrase is the direct object of the verb “enjoys.” 3. (The gerund phrase is “gardening an obsession.”) 4. Drinking so much whisky made him ill. (The gerund is the subject of the sentence.) Gerund as the complement of the verb TO BE : Verbal noun as the subject of a verb : 1. A cowboy's job is to take care of/taking care of cows. There are some exceptions, however. When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. An object of the preposition-gerund follows a preposition. (Smoking is the gerund.) Perhatikan contoh berikut: Our assignment is writing an essay. A Gerund Chart. The term "-ing form" is often used in English to refer to the gerund specifically. Seeing is believing. They can be hard to master, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use one in a given situation. Gerunds are identical in appearance to present participles, but they are not used to form tenses of the verb or provide adjectival information. The Subject Complement Recognize a subject complement when you find one. subject complement to infinitive or gerund? Now, let’s take some examples of gerunds working as the subject complement. A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. Gerund as direct object: Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. A glacier is a huge body of ice. Anyway, here are some other examples of subject complement usage. SITTING is the subject … Subject Complement. It can be the object of a preposition. Since these modify, name, or rename direct objects, you'll only find them in sentences that have direct objects. An objective complement is a noun or adjective that completes the meaning of the verb and modifies, names, or renames the direct object. The fifth grammatical form that performs the grammatical function of subject complement is the prepositional phrase. A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. (The gerund is the subject of the sentence. Dear members of the Forum, I read on some sites that we could use 'gerunds' as 'subject complements'. GERUNDS AS PREDICATE NOUNS / NOMINATIVES Make a habit of spotting the gerund and telling the gerund type. Alice is something called an objective complement. Playing football is fun. Gerund as Subject Complement. Cooking costs less than eating out. DRINKING is the subject of MADE. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs.When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund. Gerund as Subject complement कर्ता का पूरक कर्ता का वर्णन करता है। उदाहरण: अव्यन का पहला प्यार पढ़ना है। उदाहरण में 'अव्यन का पहला प्यार' कर्ता है और 'पढ़ना' इसका पूरक है। Generally speaking, creating a gerund is as easy as adding "ing" to the base form of the verb. Complement of subject adalah keterangan tentang subject yang muncul setelah verb-verb tertentu. A gerund phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund, and functions as a noun. Here are some examples: - Our primary need is eradicating poverty. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. The following verbs are true linking verbs: any form of be (am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc. Gerunds are identical in appearance to present participles, but it is considered gerund. Often get confused when trying to use one in a separate page deals verbs! 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