Transboundary plant pests and diseases affect food crops, causing significant losses to farmers and threatening food security.. Globalization, trade and climate change, as well as reduced resilience in production systems due to decades of agricultural intensification, have all played a part. Control of disease is also dependant on the availability of safe drinking water and proper sanitation procedures and facilities.Many of the diseases in Nepal are infectious and can be prevented by the development of service water, sewage systems, and safe drinking water which would create a more hygienic environment. Good airflow around plants in sheltered areas (greenhouse's) will also help minimise this problem. … It is extremely common, and it will eventually rot the entire plant, including the fruit. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Disease cycle of Brown Spot of rice is presented in Figure 378. The tree possesses soft compound leaves composed of 2–5 leaflets which are green in color and arranged in a spiral around the branches. Extract of timur (Zanthoxylum armatum) 1% Leaf spot disease (Fungal disease) 5. Not even the apple tree (Malus domestica) is spared. Excessive leaf drop may occur in common infestations. Virus Diseases in Vegetables in Nepal Progress Report –March 2016 Naidu Rayapati Associate Professor (Virology) Department of Plant Pathology Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center Washington State University Prosser, WA 99350, USA naidu.rayapati@wsu.edu Rice plants are most susceptible to tire disease at the flowering stage. Susceptibility of infection of the plants also increases when grown in potash deficient soil. Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons When you see little sunken areas starting to appear in your tomato’s leaves, you’ll know they have a case of anthracnose.This fungal pathogen is one of the most common tomato plant diseases, and is caused by Colletotrichum phomoides fungus. 0 Plant areas with at least 6 hours full sun 0 Plant in well-drained soil 0 Avoid water splashing (sprinklers) – water from the bottom, use soaker hoses 0 Host resistance is reportedly available 0 Purchase plants that look healthy (disease-free) 0 At normal pruning time, remove and destroy diseased terminals of woody plants (lilacs, roses) Plants growing under conditions of deficiency of nitrogen are extremely susceptible to infection. This disease in characterised by small brown circular leaf lesions that have a watery appearance. Black pepper Extract 1% Leaf spot diseases (Fungal disease) 6. Application of cow milk @ 25m/l water Viral disease complex in vegetables 3. Common Maize Diseases, Symptoms And Treatment. Glomerella graminicola [teleomorph] Glomerella tucumanensis Glomerella falcatum [anamorph] Aspergillus ear and kernel rot Aspergillus flavus: Banded leaf and sheath spot Rhizoctonia solani = … The Carambola tree, Averrhoa carambola, is a woody plant in the family Oxalidaceae grown for its fruit known as starfruit.Carambola trees are small, bushy evergreens with drooping branches. Fungal diseases; Anthracnose leaf blight. Extract of garlic 1% Club root disease and viral disease complex 2. Anthracnose stalk rot Colletotrichum graminicola. It is situated between 26°22’ and 30°27’ north latitude and 80°4’ and 88°12’ east longitude. Maize (Zea mays L. ssp. SN Botanical extract Plant diseases 1. Major insect-pests and diseases of major fruits available in Nepal: Introduction: The kingdom of Nepal is a small and totally land locked mountainous country in South Asia. Control: The spread of transboundary plant pests and diseases has increased dramatically in recent years. 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