Both statements are both true and false. Is this the same as cud? Although they chew the cud, they do not have a split hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you " This seems pretty straightforward on the face of it. Obviously, rabbits do not share the digestive anatomy of modern ruminants. Coneys and rabbits are not ruminants in this modern sense. Coneys and rabbits go through such similar motions to ruminants that Linnaeus, the father of modern classification (and a creationist), at first classified them as ruminants. Cud is a portion of food that returns from a ruminant's stomach in the mouth to be chewed for the second time. The fact is that rabbits DO NOT chew their cud, and they DO NOT have "the same stomach system as other cud chewers like cows", therefore the Bible IS wrong! So, for this article the two terms will be used interchangeably.) And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. A cursory glace at any Hebrew lexicon reveals that ‘alah can mean go up, ascend, climb, go up into, out of a place, depart, rise up, cause to ascend, bring up from, among others. Do rabbits or hares chew their cud? They regurgitate partially digested food in little clumps called cuds, and chew it a little more while mixing it with saliva. With any attempt to translate one language to another, it is understood that there is often more than one meaning for a given word. Lev. Of course, rabbits—but not horses—add reingestion of cecotrophs to this process. Is this really an error in the Bible, or did Moses know what he was talking about? The key issue is that they are re-eating something. The interpretation of the phrase “chewing the cud” depends on the Hebrew words used for chewing and for cud. Ruminants normally have four stomachs. However, to describe rabbits chewing the cud is not incorrect. They are then covered in mucin and passed through the anus. This is functionally equivalent to the cud-chewing of cattle, in which fermented food is redirected so that the nutrients produced by bacterial action can be utilized by the mammal. President and Founder of Pensacola-based organization, Creation Today, Eric’s passion to reach people with the life-changing message of the Gospel has driven him to speak in five foreign countries and all fifty states. Here it carries the implication of moving something from one place to another. Nevertheless these you shall not eat among those that chew the cud or those that have cloven hooves: the camel, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you; the rock hyrax, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you; the hare, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you. Cecotropes are small pellets of pa… For readers unacquainted with rock hyraxes, the rock hyrax is a small animal that lives in the rocky areas of Arabia Petreae and the Holy Land. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[1]='NAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[3]='MMERGE3';ftypes[3]='text';fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[2]='ZIP';ftypes[2]='zip';fnames[4]='SIGNUP';ftypes[4]='text';fnames[5]='FNAME';ftypes[5]='text';fnames[6]='LNAME';ftypes[6]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); Eric Hovind grew up immersed in the world of apologetics and following college graduation in 1999, he began full-time ministry. Dr. Norman Geisler Responds. Although they chew the cud, they do not have a split hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you ” This seems pretty straightforward on the face of it. The Hebrew expression גּרה עלה (‛âlâh gerah) was a term for the leisurely re-chewing practiced by cows, sheep, rabbits and rock badgers. Obviously, rabbits do not share the digestive anatomy of modern ruminants. Eric Hovind wants everyone to be a HERO. Dr. Tommy Mitchell, AiG-U.S., explains this apparent contradiction. Animals which do this include cows, sheep and goats, and they all have four stomachs. Although they chew the cud, they do not have a split hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you ” This seems pretty straightforward on the face of it. Two places in the Bible include the hare among animals that chew the cud. Three references verifying rabbits do not “chew” this cud or feces pellet: To qualify as cud, a wad must be chewed. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 2. You may have heard that rabbits chew a cud, or that rabbits eat their feces. Rabbits and hyraxes do in fact practice this leisurely re-chewing of previously chewed food, but instead of […] Rabbits do not do this. There's a debate about Leviticus 11:6. 11 respuestas. It is true that the coney and rabbit do not chew the cud in the modern scientific sense, but their jaw movements and thoroughness in chewing fell within the empirical significance of the Hebrew phrase (F. Duane Lindsay, The Bible Knowledge Commentary, John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, eds., Wheaton, Illinois: Victor Books, 1985, pp. One of the most often cited “contradictions” in the Bible involves the lowly rabbit.1 Does the Bible actually indicate that rabbits “chew the cud”? However, of those that chew the cud or that have a divided hoof you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the hyrax. The Bible was not written in English. Do rabbits chew cud? By some modern classification systems, the camel, the llama, and the alpaca are actually “pseudo-ruminants” because they only have three stomach compartments. The translation "chew the cud" is probably about the closest translation of the Hebrew word as we have in English. Do they chew cud? Rabbits do not do this. The Answer – Do the Badger and Rabbit Chew the Cud? Respuesta Guardar. The lock downs have created unique challenges for us as we go into 2021. (Deuteronomy 14:7) The natural question to answer is whether or not rabbits chew the cud. They pass their food all the way through their digestive tract, and eat it again -- they eat their poop. Although they chew the cud, they do not have a divided hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you. The Bible's definition of "chews the cud" is simply different from the technical definition we are thinking of. Wikipedia explanation: Rabbits are pseudo-ruminants who, instead of actually chewing their cud, expel their food and eat the resultant fecal pellets. That is to say, they literally chew the cud, in the more narrow sense that the English phrase uses. You may eat any animal that has a split hoof divided in two and that chews the cud. Rabbits definitely do not “chew the cud,” in the modern, scientific sense of that English phrase. Rock badgers and rabbits are not ruminants in this modern sense. However, the Hebrew phrase for ‘chew the cud’ simply means ‘raising up what has been swallowed’. The simple answer to this is “no” — not in the way that cows, goats and sheep do. 11:4 ‘Nevertheless, you are not to eat of these, among those which chew the cud, or among those which divide the hoof: the camel, for though it chews cud, … Yes. This process is very similar to rumination, and it gives the impression of chewing the cud. Rabbits do engage in a process called, among other things, refection, but this process is not related in any way to cud chewing … Leviticus 11:5–6 —How can the Bible say that the hyrax and the rabbit chew the cud when science now knows that they do not?. (Leviticus 11:3–6), Nevertheless, of those that chew the cud or have cloven hooves, you shall not eat, such as these: the camel, the hare, and the rock hyrax; for they chew the cud but do not have cloven hooves; they are unclean for you. So then: partially digested food is a common element here. And if this is what Scripture says, then isn’t it in error? In the final analysis, it is. Problem: In Leviticus 11:5–6, two animals, the rock hyrax and the rabbit, were designated as unclean by Leviticus because, although they chew the cud, they do not divide the hoof.But, science has discovered that these two animals do not chew the cud. Contrast this with what cows and some other animals do, rumination, which is what we moderns call "chewing the cud." Rabbits are not ruminants. However, the Hebrew phrase for ‘chew the cud’ simply means ‘raising up what has been swallowed’. What matters is what the translated phrase meant in Hebrew at the time it was written. Yes, it does. That means that you should expect them to chew cud if they can’t even puke. Maybe it's a minor distinction. Respuesta preferida. Leviticus 11:5,6—”Rabbits & hyraxes (rock badgers) don’t chew the cud.” This is simply a translation-based misunderstanding. So it is to Hebrew that we should go to understand this conundrum. That is to say, they literally chew the cud, in the more narrow sense that the English phrase uses. Consider what rabbits do. Is the Bible wrong? Therefore, they fit completely within the terms of the broader Hebrew phrase, even though they cannot be said to “chew the cud” quite like cows do. Also, rabbits practice something called ”reflection”, which is similar to ”rumination”, or chewing the cud. DOES THE HARE CHEW THE CUD ALSO? Then the food is regurgitated back into the mouth, chewed again, and then swallowed into a different stomach compartment. But the purpose of the question is deeper than this. However, of those that chew the cud or that have a divided hoof you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the hyrax. Their first swallowing did not complete the digestion process. So the phrase translated to English as “chew the cud” literally means something on the order of “eats that which is brought forth again.”. Learn How. However, both animals move their jaws in such a manner as to appear to be chewing the cud. After all, rabbits are not ruminants.3 They do not have four-compartment stomachs. LEV 11:6 And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. Cows, sheep and goats are ruminants. Among the animals, whatever divides the hoof, having cloven hooves and chewing the cud—that you may eat. When the Bible says that the rabbit (or hare) and rock badger "chew the cud," it is simply saying that they make a chewing motion that looks like what other animals do when they "chew the cud." (Leviticus 11:6). The rabbitʼs “caecal pellet” which is in controversy, is not chewed but rather, it is swallowed whole. Experiments suggest that the difference in the consistency between the day and night faeces is due to an intestinal rhythm.-W. Thomson. Ruminants have four stomach compartments. Discussion in 'Physical & Life Sciences' started by OldWiseGuy, Sep 22, 2018. So the Bible is correct in its definitions, as always. Do Rabbits (Coneys and Hares) Chew the Cud? (Deuteronomy 14:7) The natural question to answer is whether or not rabbits chew the cud. They are not even capable of regurgitating or vomiting. Rabbits actually produce two different sorts of fecal droppings. They are not ruminants. 10 respuestas. More accurately, it is a bolus of semi-degraded food regurgitated from the reticulorumen of a ruminant.Cud is produced during the physical digestive process of rumination. So rabbits really do chew their cud. Three references verifying rabbits do not “chew” this cud or feces pellet: “Arrival of the caecotrophs at the anus triggers a reflex licking of the anus and ingestion of the caecotrophs, which are swallowed whole and not chewed.” Rabbits have a mechanism for re-processing food after it has fermented in the cecum. Josh6. They also don't have a cloven hoof, so that's two strikes. The pellets formed during the night are swallowed as such directly from the anus. Chewing is mandatory to define a cud. No it is not. Neither the rock hyrax (translated “rock badger” in the nasb) nor the rabbit are ruminants and technically do not chew the cud. JPS Tanakh 1917 And the hare, because she cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, she is unclean unto you New American Standard 1977 the rabbit also, for though it chews cud, it does not divide the hoof, it is unclean to you; Bible apologists try to make it sound like rabbits chew cud or that chew does not mean chew and cud does not mean cud. Rabbits and hares are rodents with a single stomach; they do not regurgitate their food to chew it a second time thus are not ruminants. and if chewing cud is unclean, why do we devour cows? But does the rabbit actually chew the cud? What rabbits and hares do is called “refection” or “coprophagy,” and it involves re-digesting food after it passes out of the body (in … They engage in an activity called cecotrophy. Cud is a portion of food that returns from a ruminant's stomach to the mouth to be chewed for the second time. Badgers and rabbits move their jaws in a manner so similar to chewing the cud that a Swedish scientist at first classified them as ruminants, or animals that chew the cud. If you read my article (When Critics Ask (page 89-90) under the entry on Leviticus 11:5-6 gives the explanation in more detail), then you know I donʼt believe the rabbit chews the cud in the modern technical sense. Simply stated, it is not reasonable to accuse a 3500-year-old document of error because it does not adhere to a modern man-made classification system. Rabbits and hyraxes do in fact practice this leisurely re-chewing of previously chewed food, but instead of […] The rabbit, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean for you. God says so!? You must never eat rabbits. What rabbits do is they swallow (not chew) their own partially digested feces (not cud). The cellulose of the fiber has to be broken down before complete digestion and absorption can take place. They just do so without the aid of multiple stomach compartments. Lev. From the above clarification, you should be getting a hint that rabbits cannot chew cud. Editor’s note: As Creation magazine has been continuously published since 1978, we are publishing some of the articles from the archives for historical interest, such as this. To qualify as cud, a wad must be chewed. Actually, I believe they eat their poo. Deuteronomy 14:6-7. Rabbits and Hares do not chew the cud in the same way that we normally think of an animal that chews the cud, that is regurgitating partially chewed and digested food so as to chew it some more. 1 Rock badgers and rabbits are not ruminants in … As part of the normal digestive process, some partially digested food is concentrated in the cecum where it undergoes a degree of fermentation to form these cecotropes. To qualify as cud, a wad must be chewed. Rabbits do not chew their cud. Hares are not usually known as cud-chewing, or ruminating, animals. Respuesta Guardar. Although they chew the cud, they do not have a divided hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you. Rabbits do "chew the cud". When a cow swallows a mouthful of grass, it goes first of all to one compartment of the stomach referred to as the rumen. They engage in an activity called cecotrophy. The answer to the question is that the Hebrew word translated as "chew the cud" is not a technical term. (Kinda gross, but hey, it's nature!) This is actually partially digested food. Answers in Genesis is an apologetics ministry, dedicated to helping Christians defend their faith and proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ. Rabbits do not chew cud, they chew pellets. So, for this article the two terms will be used interchangeably.) Chewing is mandatory to define a cud. The Hebrew word for cud is gêrâh. For teaching and sharing purposes, readers are advised to supplement these historic articles with more up-to-date ones suggested in the Related Articles and Further Reading below. Most commentaries translate arnevet not as rabbit but as either coney, rock badger or hyrax, all of which do in fact chew their cud. Rabbits do not chew cud. Rabbits do something very similar. However, of those that chew the cud or that have a split hoof completely divided you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the coney. LEV 11:6 And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. “of them that chew” ([05927] ʻalah) — “for they chew” ( [05927] ʻalah ) The rabbitʼs “caecal pellet” which is in controversy, is not chewed but rather, it is swallowed whole. ... even though they cannot be said to "chew the cud" quite like cows do.So the Bible is correct in its definitions, as always. The process has a distinct analogy with the chewing of the cud by ruminants. donutkid: hammer of Thor. Simply stated, it is not reasonable to accuse a 3500-year-old document of error because it does not adhere to a modern man-made classification system. Do hares chew the cud ... although pigs are a part of the livestock they do not need to chew cud. Cecotropes are small pellets of partially digested food that are passed through the animal but are then reingested. Chewing cud, by the way, means to barf up undigested food and re-chew it. Leviticus 11:5,6—”Rabbits & hyraxes (rock badgers) don’t chew the cud.” This is simply a translation-based misunderstanding. Therefore, they don’t chew cud. Quick answer. However, to describe rabbits chewing the cud is not incorrect. This verse clearly states that the hare (or rabbit in some versions — and these two animals are related and clearly part of the same kind) chews the cud. Leviticus 11:6. Some point out that the rabbit is auto-coprophagous, which can be seen as a form of cud-chewing, where the cud "ferments" externally. Rabbits do something very similar. 11:3: Whatever divides a hoof, thus making split hoofs, and chews the cud, among the animals, that you may eat. Badgers and Rabbits Make Motions Similar to Chewing the Cud The Bible is not meant to be a scientific or technical textbook, so in Leviticus 11:5-6, it is not saying that badgers and rabbits actually chew the cud, but rather merely that they make motions that ”’appear as if”’ they are chewing the cud. Rabbits and Hares. Although rabbits and horses are not, by definition, ruminants, they are considered “hind-gut fermenters.” Similar fermentation takes place in the “rumen” compartment of the stomach during rumination. However, of those that chew the cud or that have a split hoof completely divided you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the coney. Respuesta preferida. They hardly chew their food when first eaten, but swallow it into a special stomach where the food is partially digested. It is known that rabbits practice what is called "refection," in which indigestible vegetable matter contains certain bacteria and is passed as droppings and then eaten again. The Bible clearly states that rabbits chew their cud, but simple observation seems to show this isn’t true. Deuteronomy 14, verses 6 and 7 read as follows, "You may eat any animal that has a split hoof divided in two and that chews the cud. Chewing is mandatory to define a cud. It is correct to say that the Bible does, indeed, teach that rabbits (hares) chew the cud. (Rabbits are unclean because they chew their cud but do not have divided hoofs.) Although they chew the cud, they do not have a split hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you " This seems pretty straightforward on the face of it. The rabbit, though it chews the cud, does not have a split hoof; it is unclean for you. It is true that the coney and rabbit do not chew the cud in the modern scientific sense, but their jaw movements and thoroughness in chewing fell within the empirical significance of the Hebrew phrase (F. Duane Lindsay, The Bible Knowledge Commentary, John Walvoord and Roy Zuck, eds., Wheaton, Illinois: Victor Books, 1985, pp. Rabbits don't chew the cud. The Bible's definition of "chews the cud" is simply different from the technical definition we are thinking of. It is not an error of Scripture that ‘chewing the cud’ now has a more restrictive meaning than it did in Moses’ day. In modern English, animals that ‘ chew the cud ’ are called ruminants. It serves a similar purpose as the cud. - Leviticus 11:5-6 The Atheists, Bible correctors, Muslims and other Bible bashers often bring up this alleged “error”, found not only in the King James Bible but in the Hebrew text and virtually every Bible translation ever done. In order to fully digest their food, it passes through their system twice. The Hebrew word that has been translated as chewing is âlâh, which actually means “to ascend” or “to raise.” Therefore, the Hebrew phrase could really be interpreted as “the rabbit raises what it has swallowed … .” Does this broader phrase allow us to classify rabbits with cows, sheep and goats? This process enables the rabbit to better digest it. Rabbits and Hares do not chew the cud in the same way that we normally think of an animal that chews the cud, that is regurgitating partially chewed and digested food so … Unlike ruminants, rabbits are lagomorphs or hindgut fermenters. chewing cud means that they would have multiple stomachs, regurgitate their food, chew it, and digest it several times. He lives in Pensacola, Florida with his wife Tanya and three children and remains excited about the tremendous opportunity to lead an apologetics ministry in the war against evolution and humanism.